High blood pressure (hypertension)

High blood pressure (also called essential adult hypertension or hypertension) is one of the major risk factors for heart disease, kidney failure and stroke. With few symptoms, it usually appears with age, often accompanied by excess weight.(1-2)

  • High blood pressure (hypertension), is a typical disease of developed countries. High blood pressure corresponds to an abnormal increase in the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of the arteries, an increase that persists over time (1).
  • We talk about high blood pressure when (2):
  • High blood pressure affects about 20% of the adult population and its incidence increases with age (2).
  • High blood pressure is the primary reason for consultation in general practice. If high blood pressure cannot be cured, it can be treated very well if diagnosed (1). Indeed, hypertension being most often “silent”, many people are unaware that they are affected (2).
  • High blood pressure increases the risk of stroke, ischemic heart disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction), lower limb arterial disease (narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the legs) and chronic renal failure that may eventually require dialysis (2).
  • In addition, blood pressure indirectly increases the activity of the heart to maintain constant blood flow that can eventually develop into heart failure (2).
  • Healthy diet measures, combined with drug treatment, are most often used to control blood pressure (2).