Thromboembolic heart diseases

Thromboembolic  heart diseases often come with a mechanical disturbance of the intracardiac blood flow.

Thromboembolic  heart diseases are responsible for the formation of blood clots in the heart chamber. When this clot is ejected into the general circulation, it can cause embolism and stroke in the most severe cases.(1)

  • Thromboembolic  heart disease is the second most common cause of stroke (1).
  • Some of the most common etiologies include:
    • Rhythm disorders (essentially complete arrhythmia by atrial fibrillation, more rarely atrial disease, flutter)
    • Mitral stenosis, especially narrowing, even in the absence of associated atrial fibrillation, and mitral valve prolapse
    • Myocardial infarction with left ventricular thrombus formation in contact with a recent or old infarction, with extensive ventricular hypokinesia or akinesia, or on left ventricular aneurysm (at a distance from the acute phase)
    • Congenital heart diseases(1)
  • Thromboembolic heart diseases can be effectively prevented by rapid diagnosis of the heart defect(1).